The soil is the foundation of food systems, both for plants and animals. Virunga chains of mountains are found in highland mountainous areas endowed with fertile volcanic soil and abundant rainfall. Rainwater from these mountains leads to devastating soil erosion which negatively impact human, plants and animals life. Without proper control and investment in sustainable soil practices, it leads to soil degradation- loss of minerals and plant nutrients, deforestation, pollution, frost, avalanches, floods, drought, landslides, pests and diseases.
Man’s activities is also responsible for environmental degradation like poor farming methods, overgrazing, bush burning, reclamation of wetlands etc…..The main goal of the Programs is to combat environmental degradation by introducing better farming methods and educating the locals on all aspects of modern soil conservation methods and protection techniques.
These farming methods include : Terracing, strip cultivation, crop rotation, controlled grazing, inter-cropping, tillage, fertilizers, mulching, aforestation and reforestation, population control, education, combat of pests and diseases.